I. VOCABULARY 10%
Choose the one word or phrase that best keeps the meaning of the original
sentence if it is substituted for the underlined word or phrase.
1. This poem was published anonymously.
(A) seriously (B) without a name (C) in a short time (D) happily
2. We made roughly $20,000 last year.
(A) about (B) possibly (C) easily (D) more than
3. I’m afraid their relationship may deteriorate in time.
(A) develop (B) continue (C) grow (D) fall apart
4. Although I do not agree with the senator’s policies, her hard work is laudable.
(A) praiseworthy (B) laughable (C) realistic (D) helpful
5. The president hopes to avert a crisis by improving bilateral relations.
(A) avoid (B) regulate (C) propagate (D) condemn
6. To read the biographies of “loners” who followed their own trail, is exhilarating, not only because they beat the system, but because their system was better than the one that they beat.
(A) arresting (B) stimulating (C) devastating (D) modeling
7. In the dispute the injured party has no feasible method against the judge who, in his view, has treated him ill.
(A) compatible (B) practicable (C) changeable (D) flexible
8. The wing of the house must be rehabilitated promptly; as there is a danger, it will collapse.
(A) resigned (B) restrained (C) restored (D) refund
9. Each time they amended the plan, they made it worse.
(A) commanded (B) changed (C) compelled (D) clarified
10. The ‘two-cultures” controversy has quieted down some, but it is still with us, still unsettled because of the polarized views set out by opinion leaders at polemical extremes.
(A) argumentative (B) quarrelsome (C) frustrating (D) hostile
II. GRAMMAR 10%
Choose the one word or phrase that best completes the sentence.
11. ________ physicist, Gabriel Fahrenheit, invented the mercury thermometer in 1714.
(A) There is (B) It is (C) The (D) It is the
12. Deserts produce less than 0.5 grams of plant growth ________ from every square yard.
(A) the day (B) some day (C) one day (D) a day
13. We weren’t very ________ about the news.
(A) exciting (B) excited (C) excitement (D) excitedly
14. Before going to England, Tom already ________ English.
(A) has learned (B) was learned (C) had learned (D) learns
15. That student has been to ten countries ________.
(A) until now (B) for now (C) ever (D) so far
16. I don’t know ________ in her free time.
(A) what does she do (B) what is she doing (C) what’s she do (D) what she does
17. Most people consider it ________ to talk on a cell phone in the theater.
(A) being rude (B) rude (C) be rude (D) about rude
18. ________ gold, silver, copper, and platinum, nuggets of pure iron are rarely found in nature.
(A) As unlike (B) Unlike the (C) Unlike (D) Unlikely
19. Many animals use odors for identification, ________, sexual attraction, alarm, and a variety of other purposes.
(A) the territorial marking (B) they mark territory
(C) territorial marking (D) mark territory
20. Temperature inversions often occur when ________ in the late afternoon.
(A) the earth’s surface is cooled (B) earth’s surface is cooled
(C) also the earth’s surface is cooled (D) that the earth’s surface is cooled
III. READING COMPREHENSION 20%
Choose the best answer to each question.
“My friends call me ‘3M,’” says Charlene Huang, forty-two, who has three master’s degrees: one in seismology and one in journalism from NTU, and one in geotechnical engineering from the U of C in Berkely. Such an educational background has allowed Huang to become an interpreter, primarily for technology–related assignments. Why is Huang’s job attractive to her? She half-jokingly says that her work is great because it has three advantages by which people in Taiwan define a great job: handsome pay, a light workload and workplace near home. Besides, an interpreter can rest well and wake up naturally.
“I used to work for a research institute in Taipei. After it moved to Hsinchu, I had to leave my home in Taipei at 6:30 in the morning and not get home until 7:30 in the evening. I had to spend 4 hours traveling between Taipei and my new workplace. At the time, my son was only seven years old, so I needed time to take care of him. As a result, I quit the job in 1991 and found another one with flexible hours.
“For me, every assignment is a new challenge because it means a new speaker, a new topic, and a new audience. You know, everyone’s mental powers have a limit. And for interpreters, 20 minutes’ work is rather exhausting. Many people respond with ‘Wow!’ when they learn how much an interpreter is paid, but they must understand that this is not an easy job. The amount of pay depends on whether the organization knows how brain-taxing this work really is.”
21. In the first paragraph, primarily means:
(A) Most of her tasks are related to technology
(B) First, she did technical work and later other assignments
(C) Her technology-related cases are basic and simple for her due to her training
(D) She has done only technological work
22. Why does Huang use the term half-jokingly?
(A) She receives payment, does her job, and has a place to work. However, the pay is not attractive, the job is not easy, and the workplace is not stable
(B) She chuckles partway through her sentence
(C) No one really enjoys working
(D) It’s true that her job has these three advantages, but she does not believe that they are the only things that make for a good job
23. In the second paragraph, 4 hours means:
(A) 4 hours from Taipei to Hsinchu and 4 more hours back from Hsinchu to Taipei
(B) 4 hours a week total commuting time
(C) 4 hours total time on the road every day
(D) 4 extra hours that she did not have to spend before
24. In the second paragraph, at the time indicates:
(A) when she used to work in Taipei
(B) when she worked in Hsinchu
(C) from early in the morning until late at night
(D) when her son needed to go to bed
25. What does brain-taxing mean in the third paragraph?
(A) The organization must consider deeply how much compensation to give her
(B) There is an extra, hidden cost to the company, in the form of mental
(C) An interpreter must use a great deal of mental power
(D) This type of work is suitable only for intellectuals
The influenza virus is a single molecule composed of millions of individual atoms. Although bacteria can be considered a type of plant, secreting poisonous substances into the body of the organism they attack, viruses, like the influenza virus, are living organisms themselves. We may consider them regular chemical molecules since they have strictly defined atomic structure; but on the other hand, we must also consider them as being alive since they are able to multiply in unlimited quantities.
An attack brought on by the presence of the influenza virus in the body produces a temporary immunity, but, unfortunately, the protection is against only the type of virus that caused the influenza. Because the disease can be produced by any one of three types, referred to as A, B, or C, and many strains within each type, immunity to one virus will not prevent inflection by another type of strain.
Approximately every ten years, worldwide epidemics, of influenza called pandemics occur. Thought to be caused by new strains of type-A virus, these pandemic viruses have spread rapidly, infecting millions of people. Epidemics or regional outbreaks have appeared on the average every two or three years for type-A virus, and every four or five years for type B virus.
26. With what topic is the passage primarily concerned?
(A) The influenza virus
(B) Immunity to disease
(D) Chemical molecules
27. Why does the writer say that viruses are alive?
(A) They have a complex atomic structure
(B) They move
(C) They multiply
(D) They need warmth and light
28. The atomic structure of viruses
(A) is variable
(B) is strictly defined
(C) cannot be analyzed chemically
(D) is more complex than that of bacteria
29. How does the body react to the influenza virus?
(A) It prevents further infection to other types and strains of the virus
(B) It produces immunity to the type and strain of virus that invaded it
(C) It becomes immune to types A, B, and C viruses, but not to various strains within the types
(D) After a temporary immunity, it becomes even more susceptible to the type and strain that caused the influenza
30. The author names all of the following as characteristics of pandemics EXCEPT
(A) they spread very quickly
(B) they are caused by type-A virus
(C) they are regional outbreaks
(D) they occur once every ten years
IV. TRANSLATION 10%
Translate the following passage into English.