This instructive work provides an accessible introduction to the fundamental principles of Schenkerian analysis by focusing on the music itself. It derives structural principles from the practical analysis of specific pieces of real music rather than from stereotypical models. It aims to teach readers how to approach a piece of music, and how to think about and critically examine compositions in ways that will inform their understanding and performance of great compositions of Western art music. The first part of the volume provides the foundation for the analysis of complete pieces, and the second part presents complete compositions, organized by formal category. The book is also enhanced by over 200 analytical graphs, numerous musical examples, an appendix on Schenkerian terminology, and an annotated bibliography.