This carefully crafted volume introduces anthropological approaches to and perspectives on gender. It combines theoretically and ethnographically-based essays in order to examine gender roles and ideology around the world. The articles, both classic and contemporary, are drawn from all fields of anthropology and cover a wide variety of cultures. The seventh edition contains 12 new entries that reflect more recent developments in the discipline, including topics such as transnationalism and transgender. There are additional features to support teaching and learning, including a film list and discussion questions at the end of each entry.This is an essential resource for students encountering anthropology of gender for the first time.